How to break down the scriptures Isaiah 28:9,10; Ps. 119:104,126-128; 2 Nephi 28:30,31; Prov. 2:9-11; D&C 98:6-12 What I have been commanded Revelation 1:11; D&C 35: 20-23, 24-27 2 Nephi 28:31 31 Cursed is he that putteth his trust in man, or maketh flesh his arm, or shall hearken unto the precepts of men, save their precepts shall be given by the power of the Holy Ghost. "There are only so many ways of looking at the world, and of reading the bible, and the dualist interpretation, with or without the concept of gnosis, is one of them. So it follows that different peoples in different times, but perhaps in somewhat similar circumstances, will independently come to a dualistic version of Christianity." The Secret History of the Gnostics; Their Scriptures, Beliefs, and Traditions, By Andrew Philip Smith. Pg. 143 There are two understandings to dualism. The first understanding is that your soul/intentions influence your spirit, which in turn influences your flesh. This is a parable for how the indivitual is a microcosm of creation & the universe. God/intention moves in the spirit the bring forth His work. (You may apply this principle to creation, your everyday life, or even to these last days.) Dualism can also be interpreted that both the flesh & spirit are independent states of matter. These two different states are parallel, but are also influenced by the soul. Christianity has been the main bearer of the gospel for many centuries, but many who have recieved the Holy Ghost do not consider themselves Christians. They define themselves as followers of Christ, as the people of Christ, or as the children of God. For centuries, people thought they had a devil, or that they hated the idea of bearing the name of Christ in being called a Christian. The righteous people, by the Holy Ghost, have truly bore witness to the world that they are Zion & Israel. They may have physically been a gentile, but their spirit was Israelite. The writer of this book writes according to his understanding(though I do believe that he knows because of how he phrased that last sentance). He wrote this, prophesying of the return of the Hebrew Israelites, as well as the doctrine of Melchizedek. These things are not a religion. They are an identity, a culture, and a lifestyle. Gnosis is defined as knowledge of self, true gnosis is not a religion, but an understanding of where your spirit/soul came from.